Wednesday, December 25, 2019
What to Expect From Example of Apa Research Paper? A letter of consent will likewise be sent to them together with a sample copy of the questionnaire which will be used, together with the protocol of the researcher. The papers could be rejected if they don't apply the APA format. You might be accustomed to writing papers in another format like MLA or Chicago style, so it may take a while to find the hang of writing in APA format. The american psychological association apa gives apa format as a means to organize research papers. How to compose an abstract in apa be certain to own a page header. Normally a bibliography just contains references information, but in some instances, you might opt to make an annotated bibliography. Example of Apa Research Paper Can Be Fun for Everyone Nobody will argue that It's quite challenging to compose an academic paper if there's no structure for it. Your document may have an intricate structure, especially in the event the major body will be big. In case the structure of the principal body has many levels, it is preferable to use different numbering styles. The precise structure of your paper will vary somewhat depending on the form of paper you've been requested to write. Type of Example of Apa Research Paper The significance of the outline in the research paper is clear. It is not a task for one day. A research paper is quite a serious type of academic writing. Nevertheless, the real key to a thriving research paper is organization. An individual should realize that every Research Paper is a sophisticated writing because it must contain distinctive research and distinctive idea. Research Papers have come to be an essential part of all graduate and postgraduate class. Introducing Example of Apa Research Paper It's not quite as easy as writing an essay about your summer vacation, your family members, or the previous party you've been to, as you don't need to do research to figure out about your own private experience. Writing a research paper has come to be among the most important components of contemporary procedures of education and is also the one which provides the students' most amount of stress. Some researches discuss an overall topic while some are managing something specific. As the title of the writing implies you have to conduct the research in the certain region of knowledge. What Does Example of Apa Research Paper Mean? If you are pleased with the standard of offered samples, you're welcome to set an order at our website. Much of the info you should create a print book citation are available on the title page. If you don't have an extensive collection of all your references, you may find yourself scrambling to work out where you found certain bits of information which you included in your paper. There's no period at the conclusion of the list of keywords. APA is a well-liked reference style employed in many types of academic writing. Making an apa outline is the very first matter to do in developing a structure on what is going to be written in the paper and the way it's written. It is the first thing to do in creating a structure on what will be written in the paper and how it is written. In the event you're not able to do the research paper as a result of any reason, you can rely on ProfEssays to write for you in accordance to your requirements. Although a level of consistency throughout the network will probably enhance the circumstance, it's also desirabl e to have enough flexibility to accommodate the requirements of specific native populations. If needed, you can supply the list of the principal keywords of your paper, it is going to help different people should they need to seek out your work in internet databases but you need to use only keywords that describe your research in a suitable way. There are news sites, sports, research, shopping, and a number of other types of sites. Whether there are any key limitations of your work, you are able to also mention this in brief within the introduction. Most theories suggest that only very disturbed folks do horrible actions if they're ordered to achieve that. The goal is to supply a succinct explanation of the full document with a concentration on the recommendations that have emerged from your research. If you take a close look at research paper outline examples, you will observe we have several tactics to present the principal body. If you want to compose your research proposal for the very first time, it could be very helpful to use completely free sample research paper on borderline personality disorder. You may also describe the range of your research. The topic shouldn't be an extensive field, but a particular case within the wide area of the researcher's interest. Take our APA research assignment help and decrease the chance of incompletion.
Posted by Adolfo Jacobsen at 12:46 PM
Tuesday, December 17, 2019
Ethical Issues in the Insurance Industry Jeff Bolling Columbia College Abstract Ethical behavior is crucial to preserving not only the trust on which insurance transactions are based, but also the publicÃ¢â¬â¢s trust in the insurance industry as a whole. Sometimes the push to act unethically comes from the consumer. How many consumers expect their insurance agents to falsify their applications or claims? You like your agent, he or she likes you, they really want to help you out, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s just another conflicting loyalty. Over the years many have experienced unethical behavior by insurance agents. I have had them give their sales pitch to me and my family just to find out later that the product they sold us was completely wrong forÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In an effort to gather information regarding the key ethical issues encountered in the industry over time, a survey was conducted in 2010. In each survey, participants were presented with 32 ethical issues and were asked to rate each issue on a 5-point scale where 5 meant it is a major problem today in the property and casualty/life insurance industry, and 1 meant that it is not a problem in the industry today. Twenty-eight of the issues reflected ethical problems facing businesses and their employees in general, whereas the other four were ethical issues of special relevance to professionals. Issue means were calculated for each issue in each study and the issues in each study were ranked according to the relative size of their means as compared with those of the other issues in that study. Analysis of data from recent surveys indicated that in 2003, the extent to which most of the 32 issues studied were perceived as presenting ethical problems to those working in the life insurance industry had diminished somewhat from the troubled ethical environment during the first half of the 1990s. However, the key ethical issues encountered in the life insurance business changed little from 1990 to 2003. Eight of the 10 issues perceived as presenting the greatest ethical problems for the industry were the same in all three life insurance studies, andShow MoreRelatedAnalyzing Michael Moores Sicko as a Healthcare Film734 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesMoore movie pointed to a myriad of issues relating to the American healthcare system that are both startling and interesting. The movie was produced before the Obama Administration signed the Affordable Care Act into law, but Sicko reports that nearly 50 million Americans do not have health insurance. About 18,000 Americans die each year becau se they dont have health insurance. The system is clearly broken, and politics seems to have been the reason that insurance companies keep a strangle hold onRead MoreFinancial Planning Essay1041 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageschallenges of | |practicing ethical financial planning in Hong Kong and China.Ã¢â¬ | The financial climate is changing constantly with the changing of numerous influential factors. Financial planning is one of the financial industries which gradually developed from a vague concept to a recognized specialty. However, this industry is still in a young stage so that there are some problematic issues concerned especially in some AsianRead MoreThe Role Of Ethics And Differences For Nurses1613 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesbest for their patientsÃ¢â¬â¢ health, nurses are not met with the same high demands as doctors. The modern practice of medicine raises a plethora of complex issues, medical, ethical and legal and while the nurses is primarily focused on the patient, the doctor has much more to consider. Representatives from Industry: Insurance Companies Insurance companies are responsible for selling health care plans to people. When individuals, employers, organizations, and/or unions enroll in a health care planRead MoreBusiness Ethics: Case Studies1238 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesfinancial and ethical risks. 4 Case 7: Microsoft Manages Legal and Ethical Issues. 5 Case 1: Monsanto Attempts to Balance Stakeholder Interests. Monsanto is a world renowned organization dealing in agriculture products. The seeds produced by the business are genetically modified. The genetically modified agricultural seeds and products are under strict criticism by various environmental, agricultural, and social groups. The non-governmental organizations are also vocal about the issues raised dueRead MoreEssay about Ethical Decision Making1551 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe importance of ethical decision making Ethical decision making involves acting in a morally correct and socially responsible way. The law is based on ethical principles. However, the law is only ethically relevant to the period in time which it was made. This means that the law will never be able to account for every course of action and that the responsibility lies with the decision makers to ensure they act in an ethical manner. White collar crime in Australia has resulted in the collapseRead MoreFuture Challenges Facing Healthcare in the United States1306 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesFuture Challenges Facing Health Care in the United States Issues affecting Health care in the United States The United States Health Care issue has been a challenge that many have given their opinions from different positions within the society in their attempt to come up with the most appropriate measures to tackle the Health Care Challenges facing the Nation. An efficient, affordable and accessible health care program is the most important issue which should be prioritized for a healthy nation. TheRead MoreAnalysis Of The Documentary Sicko By Micheal Moore1341 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages In the documentary film Ã¢â¬Å"SickoÃ¢â¬ written by Micheal Moore he gives us deep analysis based on the health care system in American society. Sicko (2007) is a pseudo-documentary film that is rife with opinion and ethical dilemmas that cross over between businesses, government, and filter all down through to each and every one and a citizens of a larger global community. It is the compelling drilled down view of AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s failing healthcare system. Though there is no true plot to this fi lm, thereRead MoreDifferences Between Tort Law And Criminal Law1607 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe principles that guide both nurses and physicians in their respective professions, otherwise known as ethical standards. Another agreement, bilateral contracts, involves a situation where two parties agree on certain terms (OSullivan Hilliard, 2016). Both the patient and the physicians can enter into a bilateral contract. Healthcare providers can also enter into contracts with insurance providers in a bilateral manner. Lastly, a unilateral contract involves a situation where one party makesRead MoreThe Issues Regarding Payment For Treatment1684 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCurrently, health care is experiencing many potential ethical issues regarding payment for treatment. Among the practitioners facing these issues are occupational therapists, who are struggling to figure out how to provide quality care while upholding the reimbursement guidelines. Many patients are covered by a variety of diff erent insurance plans in the clinical practice field; payment for services is controlled by a variety of federal and private payment guidelines. This may often lead to a careRead MoreSimilarities Between Tort Law And Criminal Law1605 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe principles that guide both nurses and physicians in their respective professions, otherwise known as ethical standards. Another agreement, bilateral contracts, involves a situation where two parties agree on certain terms (OSullivan Hilliard, 2016). Both the patient and the physicians can enter into a bilateral contract. Healthcare providers can also enter into contracts with insurance providers in a bilateral manner. Lastly, a unilateral contract involves a situation where one party makes
Posted by Adolfo Jacobsen at 8:36 AM
Monday, December 9, 2019
Question: Discuss about the System Documentation and Risk Analysis for JK Saddlerys Cashiering Function. Answer: Introduction The following report has been presented to JK so that a better management of daily business activities could be made possible. The report consists of the analysis done on the format in which things are done in his entity. The risks that are presented in the study is linked to the cashiering process. It has been described in a detailed manner along with the control steps that should be taken by JK for mitigation. Therefore after implications of the plan, it would be possible for JK to minimise the present risk regarding cashiering management. Part A Level 0 (logical) Data Flow Diagram of the case: This methodology is being used to show the process which is being used in the existing system. It can be ascertained from the flow of diagram than which information is made available to the system and which one is being received from it. The interaction with other systems is being also identified by using this technology (Liou, 2015). After the development of the system is being done, it could be checked that whether the initial requirement of the entity has been meeting. CASE i.e. computer aided software engineering are usually used for presenting data flow diagram because advantages are attached to it. In situation where CASE tools are utilized for formation of data flow diagram than the available advantages are that it will not allow use of a non-standard notation for all the items in the diagram and the other is that some rules have to be followed while using it which do not allow the user in making connections between the different items that should not be allowed. Data flow diagram of the case: Figure 1: Logical DFD Process Map It can be said that process map is a flow diagram of the primary processes of an entity. It specifically shows the persons who have been involved in the operations of the entity. It is not limited to a single department or function of the entity and all the operations of an entity are part of it (Dumas, Mendling and Reijers, 2013). There are seven types of process maps which include seven types of flow in accounting which are cash flow, disbursement flow, collection flow, information flow, material flow, quote flow and order flow. A flow of activities has been described by the process map. The interactions and sequence of related process steps can be called as the flow of the process. While drawing a process map it has been tried to minimise backflow of arrows that go from bottom to top or left to right. A better understanding of operations is available through process maps; they are also used for generating new ideas of process improvement or stimulate discussion (Gunasekaran, 2016). The process map is also used for highlighting the problems and identifying delays or gaps, duplication, bottlenecks of the operations of the entity. There may be various forms of process map but they all tend to use SIPOC format and a standard UML for symbols. Figure 3: Process map Assumptions: The sale is being done physically through stores and online stores as well. Sale order of online visitors is generated on the website of the store and made available to customers at the same time. The operation of JK Saddlers Ltd includes inflow of data of customers, making sales order, cashier management and Banking payments. The payment of online customers is received directly in the bank account of the entity. Analysis of data flow diagram: The diagram has been presented in accordance with information available regarding the case and assumptions which have been made as well. The diagram depicts that the information of customer sales order is received at the shop as well as at online stores (Evans, 2001). The sales order is prepared by the sales person and presented to the cashier for completion of other operations of the entity. It can be said that the flow of data moves to owner or management through the cashier. Part b: Risks present in current cashiering process: By considering the given case scenario following risk has been assessed in current cashiering process which has high possibility for imposition of threat on business: Management by a single person: In the present system, the main risk available in the cashiering process is that all the things are managed and controlled by one person only. In this case, if any fraud has been made by him than in that case he can make changes in all the accounts as in the system of the entity and in the mail received too. Allocated authorities: The other risk which is available in the system that is the authority present with the cashier regarding the selling price of the product (Mendling, 2013). As in the present case the entries have been made by the same person, cash collection and price determination is also being done by that person only. Hence, it is an easy job for him to manipulate the books of accounts in the manner he needed because he is responsible for all the related operations of management. Misuse of cash: In the present case risk regarding the misuse of cash is also available as no check has been made on the amount of cash collected on an everyday basis. It could be possible that the cashier uses the cash for some days and deposit again the same amount without informing the owner. Lack of synchronization: In accordance with the given situation, cash activities are not properly organized due to which business will face issue in cash management. Further, all activities are connected to previous one due to which there is high rigidity. Due to the above-cited risk, there is a high threat of manipulation in the cashiering process which can create a loss to the business. In addition to this, if these risks are not appropriately mitigated profitability and liquidity of the business will be adversely affected. Control plan to minimise the risk: In accordance with the above description, it can be noticed that JK is required to develop an appropriate plan to mitigate risk. For this aspect, they are required to take following steps: Recruitment of employees: JK should appoint more staff members as it is given in the case that it is a small retail business but has healthy cash flow. Therefore, JK is financially viable in appointing another employee (Chang, 2016). The format of management can be changed in a way that rather the operations should be distributed between them or the work of one should be checked by another. This step is required to be taken because constraint of employees is reducing their efficiency. In addition to this, recruitment of qualified staff will enhance their scope of profitability. Better control procedures: The authority of billing and collecting cash should not be made available to the same employee. Checking of work by the owner is not mentioned in the present case which is an important part of management. Surprise check regarding the price on which goods are being sold to the customer should be done to analyse the discount being allowed by the cashier. By applicability of above-described facts, better control process can be implemented. In addition to this, proper checking can be done to ensure quality in work performance. Policies and procedures: The risk regarding price can be controlled by making policies about the amount of discount or rebate in selling price will be available to customers. As the sale is done to both other retailers and individuals; different policies relating to discount allowed should be made available to the cashier (Rosemann and vom Brocke, 2015). The benefit available to the entity will be that the customers will avail discount as previously and risk regarding the selling price will be also eliminated. Updated technologies: An eye can be kept on the manager by using technology also. The camera can be installed at the place of the cashier to ascertain that whether the cash that has been collected by the cashier is being deposited the same day or not. The risk regarding misuse of cash can be avoiding by application of this policy. Conclusion In accordance with the present study conclusion can be drawn that risk regarding cashiering management is required to be mitigated in an appropriate manner else it can create severe issues for business. Evaluation of risk of JK Cashiering process shows that company is not managing their operational activities in a viable manner. It is because; there are various deficiencies in their control system. However, they can make improvement in their process by considering recommendation provided in the file for smooth cash flow. Along with this, management of the company will also be able to make a reduction in the possibility of risk of error. References Chang, J.F., 2016. Business process management systems: strategy and implementation. CRC Press. Dumas, M., Mendling, J. and Reijers, H.A., 2013. Fundamentals of business process management (Vol. 1, p. 2). Heidelberg: Springer. Evans, T., 2001. System Documentation. [Online]. Available through https://www.timothydevans.me.uk/sysdoc.html. [Accessed on 19th August 2016]. Gunasekaran, A., 2016. International Journal of Process Management and Benchmarking. [Online]. Available through https://www.inderscience.com/jhome.php?jcode=ijpmb. [Accessed on 19th August 2016]. Liou, C.C., 2015. Study on establishment of quality management system documentation. Cengage learning. Mendling, J., 2013. Fundamentals of Business Process Management. In GI-Jahrestagung. P. 157. Rosemann, M. and vom Brocke, J., 2015. The six core elements of business process management. In Handbook on Business Process Management 1 (pp. 105-122). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. van Rensburg, A., 2008. A framework for business process management. Computers industrial engineering. 35(1). Pp.217-220.
Posted by Adolfo Jacobsen at 5:18 AM
Sunday, December 1, 2019
The Laws Of Swimming Essay, Research Paper Soon scientist are carry oning research to assist people derive new techniques in swimming. While scientists continue research for new swimming techniques, scientist must get down with early techniques of swimming as a athletics and portion of life. Learning how to swim is non easy. However, swimming is natural philosophies. There are Torahs, perkiness, retarding forces and gestures. To go a good swimmer one should take enterprise to larn how certain techniques evolved. This study will province a brief sum-up of the natural philosophies of swimming and its mechanics A novice swimmer must larn how to drift in H2O. This is known as perkiness, H2O that exerts an upward force against an object to the weight of the H2O that would be pushed aside by the object. For illustration, take three glass bottles the same size, each bottle weighs one lb and can keep five lbs of H2O. We will write a custom essay sample on The Laws Of Swimming Essay Research Paper or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Leave one bottle empty and seal it and put it in H2O. Now the bottle floats high in the H2O with the bulk of the bottle above the surface. Then take the 2nd bottle and make full it with three lbs of H2O and topographic point the bottle in the H2O. Second bottle will drift perpendicular in the H2O. Finally, put five lbs of H2O in the 3rd bottle and infix it into the H2O. The 3rd bottle will drop to the underside but will drop perpendicular. Therefore, first bottle floats because it weighs one lb but pushes aside ten lbs of H2O. Thus it would take some attempt to force the empty bottle underwater. This is called perkiness. The 2nd bottle besides floats but floats perpendicular because three lbs displaces the five lbs of H2O. Although the 3rd bottle sinks, perkiness is still a factor. Thus the bottle is droping but it is droping upward. This is known as specific gravitation. Form Drag ? Form retarding force is opposition to the object? s form and profile to the water. ? For illustration, narrow H2O skis would go through through H2O more expeditiously than a broad H2O ski. The narrow H2O ski pushes less H2O aside than the wider skis. Second illustration to cut down retarding force is the streamlined place. ? To experience the difference, force off from the wall of the pool and seek gliding in assorted places: streamlined, with your weaponries out to the sides, and with your articulatio genuss flexed. As you increase the surface country the H2O must go through around, you increase from retarding force and can non glide as far. ? Wave Drag ? Wave retarding force is opposition caused by H2O turbulence. ? Wave retarding force besides occurs during velocity of the swimmer. The faster the swimmer swims the faster the moving ridge retarding force occurs in the pool. A swimmer can cut down beckon retarding force by smooth procedure of shots but, one must non utilize sprinkling arm entries to cut down beckon retarding force. On the other manus, swimmers can make beckon retarding force ; therefore lane Li Nes have been created to cut down retarding force. Frictional Drag Frictional retarding forces? is the opposition caused by the surface texture of the organic structure as it moves through the H2O. For illustration, to cut down frictional retarding force Olympic swimmers would shave the organic structure hairs to cut down frictional retarding force. This method is thought to increase the velocity of swimmers and cut down frictional retarding force. Law of Inertia The jurisprudence of inactiveness provinces? that a force is needed to travel a organic structure at remainder, to halt a organic structure that is traveling or to alter the way of a traveling organic structure. Law inactiveness effects on Water sports in two facets, foremost the jurisprudence of inactiveness can be divided into two sections. First inactive inactiveness? is the inclination of a organic structure at remainder to remain at rest. ? Swimmer must get the better of every clip he or she enters a pool because the inactive inactiveness of the H2O will defy any attempt alteration place. Second, Dynamic inactiveness? is the inclination of s traveling organic structure to maintain moving. ? To get the better of the jurisprudence of inactiveness, swimmer must present energy to finish a shot than to maintain traveling. Furthermore, dynamic inertia Lashkar-e-Taibas swimmers rest because your organic structure is traveling. However, if one remainder to long during dynamic inactivene ss, one might hold to over come inactive inactiveness. The Law of Acceleration The Law of Acceleration? provinces that the velocity of a organic structure depends on how much force is applied to it and the way of that force. ? The jurisprudence acceleration is relevant in swimming in two ways. First the more force you apply to a shot, the faster a swimmer will swim. Second swimming is more efficient when a swimmer chooses to remain in a chosen way when all your propulsive force is in the same way. The Law of Action and Reaction The jurisprudence of action and reaction provinces? that for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. ? Reaction and Action can happen in H2O and land. For case, if a ball drops into a pail of H2O the ball stops in the H2O and the H2O will project from the pail. Thus it is making an action and reaction from the ball. A 2nd illustration, when one dives from a plunging board, the? board reacts to the force of your pess moving against it so you can take off for the honkytonk. ? The Law of levers ? The jurisprudence of levers is the merchandise of force and force arm is equal to the merchandise of the opposition and resistance. ? The jurisprudence of levers for swimming can be demonstrated in the arm shot and the forepart crawl. Arm muscles provide the force and the shoulder is the pivot point. Water is the opposition, which comes from the arm during the shots. The manner to better purchase is to utilize less force when swimming. For illustration, the forepart, creep a swimmer can execute this by flexing the cubitus, this reduces the force when needed 330
Posted by Adolfo Jacobsen at 4:59 PM
Tuesday, November 26, 2019
The History of Freedom in America essays Thomas Jefferson, Thomas Paine and J. Hector St. de Crevecoeur each offer a unique perspective about certain truths concerning American rights and responsibilities. Each author offers a promise of what America could and should be. Martin Luther King, Jr. and Elizabeth Cady Stanton are two prominent figures from America's recent past that also spoke out in regards to American's rights and responsibilities with the awe-inspiring "I have a Dream" speech and the "Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions". The Declaration of Independence is probably the most important document in American history. The Declaration revealed all the monstrous things that the king of England had done to the colonists and all the reasons why the United States had to become its own entity and become free from British rule. Great Britain had been violating the rights of the colonists by imposing taxes, not allowing them to represent themselves in parliament, not allowing them to pass laws and a great many more terrible offenses. All the colonists wanted to do was to live peacefully and prosperously and to be able to govern themselves, but the British king would not allow this to happen. The Declaration of Independence summed up all of these actions to show the king and the government why it was necessary for the colonists to separate from England. The Declaration was also used as a propaganda tool for the American's to state their reasons for rebellion and try to get other colonists to join them in their fight for freedom. Jefferson declares, "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness." (Jefferson, Paragraph 2) Jefferson's emphasis on the fact that the Declaration represents the will of the people to take actions immediately against the k...
Posted by Adolfo Jacobsen at 6:43 PM
Saturday, November 23, 2019
Days of the Week in Italian Vocabulary What day is the market open? And what day does the post office close early? What day of the week do you want to go to Chianti? Besides being able to tell the time, in order to figure out when to go to events and hang out with friends, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need to know the days of the week in Italian. Whether youÃ¢â¬â¢re reviewing the vocabulary or youÃ¢â¬â¢re learning it for the first time, below youÃ¢â¬â¢ll find useful examples for everyday conversations along with cocktail party facts so you can better understand the culture. DAYS OF THE WEEK - I GIORNI DELLA SETTIMANA Monday - lunedÃ ¬Tuesday - martedÃ ¬Wednesday - mercoledÃ ¬Thursday - giovedÃ ¬Friday - venerdÃ ¬Saturday - sabatoSunday - domenica Notice how the first letter of the day of the week isnÃ¢â¬â¢t capitalized. In Italian, days of the week, months and seasons are all lowercase. Weekend - il fine settimana You can also say Ã¢â¬Å"il weekend.Ã¢â¬ Pronunciation Notice how there is a grave accent mark () on the vocabulary words for Monday through Friday. That accent mark lets you know where to put the stress in the word, so in this case, the stress falls on the last syllable Ã¢â¬Å"di.Ã¢â¬ Esempi: A: Che giorno Ã ¨ oggi? - What day is it today?B: Oggi Ã ¨ mercoledÃ ¬. - Today is Wednesday.Ieri era (Ã ¨ stato) martedÃ ¬. - Yesterday was Tuesday.Domani Ã ¨ giovedÃ ¬. - Tomorrow is Thursday.Il lunedÃ ¬ la maggior parte dei ristoranti sono chiusi. - On Mondays the majority of restaurants are closed.Il weekend il mercato Ã ¨ aperto. - The market is open on the weekends.Frequento le lezioni da lunedÃ ¬ a venerdÃ ¬. - I attend lessons from Monday to Friday.Parto per lÃ¢â¬â¢Italia sabato. - IÃ¢â¬â¢m leaving for Italy on Saturday.PerchÃ © non Ã ¨ ancora venerdÃ ¬!? - Why isnÃ¢â¬â¢t it Friday yet!?Sono libero venerdÃ ¬ sera. Ti va di andare al cinema? - IÃ¢â¬â¢m free Friday. Want to go to the movies?Il giorno piÃ ¹ bello della settimana Ã ¨ lunedÃ ¬ perchÃ © Ã ¨ lÃ¢â¬â¢inizio di una nuova settimana. - The greatest day of the week is Monday because itÃ¢â¬â¢s the start of a new week.A: Qual Ã ¨ il vostro giorno di riposo (di chiusura)? - When is your day o ff?B: Siamo chiusi tutte le domeniche mattina. - Ã Our day off is every Sunday morning. LunedÃ ¬, martedÃ ¬, mercoledÃ ¬, giovedÃ ¬ e venerdÃ ¬ are INVARIABLE, so they donÃ¢â¬â¢t change in their plural form. Sabato e domenica, however, have a plural form when needed. (e.g.: ...i sabati; ...le domeniche.) Vado a danza tutti i lunedÃ ¬. - I take my dance class every Monday.La mensa rimane aperta piÃ ¹ a lungo le domeniche. - Dining hall stays open longer on Sundays.Ogni martedÃ ¬ raccolgono la carta. - Each Tuesday is paper garbage collection. Make Your Bridges for Tuesdays Thursdays When a religious festival or holiday, like Festa della Repubblica or Ognissanti, falls on a Tuesday (martedÃ ¬) or a Thursday (giovedÃ ¬), Italians oftentimes fare il ponte, which literally means to make the bridge, and figuratively means to make a four-day holiday. That means they take off the intervening Monday or Friday.
Posted by Adolfo Jacobsen at 2:17 AM
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Personal narrtive - Essay Example The dog in this story was black in color. We call him with the name Blacky since it was black in color. Blacky was from the dash breed and it was a loving dog not only for everybody in our home but even for our neighbors also. I played and slept with balcky when he was young. I have given him much training and on every morning it was Blacky who brought news papers to us from the gate of our home. Every morning he waits in front of our home till the news paper boy arrives and collects the news paper from the newspaper boy. I purchased blacky when he was only one month old from a pet shot. Within one week from the purchase, he established company with all of us in our home. He started to show some deep relationship with me and accompany me wherever I go around my home. Moreover, he always waits for me at the gate if I went out to town for some purchasing needs. During night time Blacky will never sleep and guard our home from intruders keeping a vigilant eye on every corner of our home and its surroundings. There are many stories associated with blacky which shows his bravery and loyalty to us. In this paper I would like to describe two incidents in which we blacky shows his intimacy and bravery. After my school studies, I decided to continue my college studies in a distant college. We made all the preparations for my journey and blacky was a silent witness to all these preparations. When I prepare my bags for the journey, he stationed near me with a sad face and often wagged his tail whenever I look at him. I realized that balcky was so sad about my journey. When I was about to leave to the airport, I called blacky towards me. He slowly approached me and I had seen his ears filled with tears even though he was kept on wagging his tail. I told him that I will be back within few months and he wagged his tail more rapidly as if he understood everything. My mum and dad accompanied me till airport in order to send off me to
Posted by Adolfo Jacobsen at 3:58 AM
Tuesday, November 19, 2019
W3 Asign2 Strategy Map & Balanced Score Card - Essay Example (Cokins, G., 2013) Using these two tools, this paper will attempt to identify the KPIs for Rotor-Rooter, a plumbing company that is based and provides services primarily in the United States. It was difficult to identify the KPIs for Roto-Rooter because aside from company-owned operations in the United States they also have independent contractors and independent franchises locally and internationally. (Roto-Rooter, 2014) Since the writer is of the belief that the independent contractors and franchises should probably have their own KPIs, this paper will focus on the performance of the company-owned branches. As mentioned earlier, this tool presents the objectives and KPIs needed to meet those company goals. For this company, the key indicators of performance start with, under Learning Growth, enhance technical skills for all Level 1 employees and improve managerial & administrative skills for Level 2 employees. I think these are important because Rotor-RooterÃ¢â¬â¢s business requires its employees at these levels to practice technical skills to complete their work and organizational skills and management skills to coordinate with their many branches, franchises and contractors, respectively. For the Learning Process stage, the KPIs are to implement training programs for current and new employees and to implement management training programs to meet the objectives at the first level of the map. For the Customer Level, the KPIs are to attain customer retention at 100%, to continue providing quality service, and to provide after sales service. Finally at the Financial Stage, the KPIs are to increase revenue and to increase productivity. A balanced scorecard contains individual KPIs with a predefined target measure, and KPIs that are project-based and process-based. (Cokins, G., 2012) For Roto-Rooter, the balanced scorecard will show, as KPIs for the managers and employees, target outputs with
Posted by Adolfo Jacobsen at 4:14 PM
Sunday, November 17, 2019
John Taylor Gatto Against School Essay When it comes to the traditional education, John Taylor GattoÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Against SchoolÃ¢â¬ questions whether we really need the nine month, drawn out, traditional curriculum. Gatto goes on to name several successful people through history that were not products of a contemporary school system. When I think of GattoÃ¢â¬â¢s theory of forced schooling, a friend of mine named John Smith who goes by the alias of Viper comes to mind. Viper is in his late 20Ã¢â¬â¢s, lives in South Philadelphia, and has worked as a Roofer for the past 10 years. Viper went to a public school in South Philadelphia. Viper went to a school where said, Ã¢â¬Å"It wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t easy. I was scrawny and white and we were poorer than the jigs that went to school wit us, so we caught alota shit.Ã¢â¬ ViperÃ¢â¬â¢s school was extremely underfunded. Ã¢â¬Å"Some days there would be trash laid out by the trash cans cause nobody would change the trash bags, the food was shit, and the bathroomsÃ¢â¬ ¦forget it.Ã¢â¬ He would walk twelve blocks back to his house just to go to the bathroom. There were no extracurricular activities like book clubs and band and the school was rundown and decrepit. Eventually he started to miss classes regularly. He felt that the teachers did not care. Classes were extremely boring to him. He was actually approached by his biology teacher and told he could cut class everyday as long as he turned in his work and he would receive a D at the end of the year. He was not amused by the offer, he was not even interested in graduating anymore. Ã¢â¬Å"I expected to be a laborer for the rest of my life so I felt like education was unimportant.Ã¢â¬ ViperÃ¢â¬â¢s education started taking a back seat to work around his sophomore year of high school. He was the middle child in a family of four, all of whom have dropped out of high school and are laborers today. Ã¢â¬Å"My parents made me get a job when I was thirteen, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s the way it was with all my brothers,Ã¢â¬ says Viper. Eventually he started to make a decent amount of money and admits to being extremely naÃ ¯ve, saying Ã¢â¬Å"Why the fuck was I gonna go ta school for eight more years if I was makinÃ¢â¬â¢ 25-30 thousand dollars a year. Do the math, instead of spendin 100 thousand dollars in college and waste my time in school I coulda made 200 thousand dollars by the time I was 24.Ã¢â¬ One day Viper decided to make an appointment with a school counselor. He was hardly going to class, working every day when he was supposed to be in school, and partying every night and having fun. School was more of a social event. He was just going to school to see his friends and make plans for the weekend. When he told the school counselor that he was planning on dropping out the counselor stood up, looked him in the eye, extended his hand and said, Ã¢â¬Å"Good Luck!Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"The guy didnÃ¢â¬â¢t even give a shit!Ã¢â¬ Viper said. By the time December came around of his sophomore year, he was a high school dropout. He was working everyday by that time already so he was not stagnant. He was still living with his parents. The fact that he dropped out was ok with them because he could Ã¢â¬Å"contribute to the house,Ã¢â¬ as his father put it. Viper eventually saved enough money to get his own place and now lives with his wife of three years and their two children who are two and five years of age. He said, Ã¢â¬Å"I always thought I learned more out of school than in high school, but itÃ¢â¬â¢s not what my kids are gonna doÃ¢â¬ . He aspires to open his own roofing company one day. Although I do not agree with the path that Viper chose in life, he is happy and successful today. He is a great father and happily married. He does not drink anymore and devotes every second of his free time to his family. In a way he is almost a survivor to me. He is not well spoken or the brightest guy in the world, but he would d o anything in his power to help any person in a bind.
Posted by Adolfo Jacobsen at 4:46 AM
Thursday, November 14, 2019
Let me point out a few common misconceptions that you might create while conceptualising your own version of Bigg's ideas. 'Surface' and 'deep' are characteristics of the approaches that students might make, not characteristics of the students themselves. The three learning theories I want to discuss are Constructivist, Humanist and Congnitivism. According to constructivist theorists it is important that students do not have misconceptions before they start to learn a new concept. Teachers should identify the students current understanding and ideas in order to construct new meaning. This can be done, for example, by giving a quiz as an introduction to a new subject, by group discussion, by giving activities after presenting new information or by linking to students previous experiences. When teaching in business I have given students quiz about the economy before discussing and teaching the subject. This way I can asses what level of knowledge and understanding there already is on the subject before the learners begin to construct new meaning. I would then present some infor...
Tuesday, November 12, 2019
War exposes the operation of sex and race in the construction of a nation as war enables us to perceive the process of securing and creating territories through the use and implementation of particular values and standards of perceiving reality. For example, the division between the battlefront and home front along with the emphasis on the action in the trenches creates and highlights gendered boundaries, which are equivalent to the division between the protector and the protected. Furthermore, the social territories formed during and after the war highlights the use of ethnocentric viewpoints, which leads to racism and the exploitation of bodies. The mode in which these events are possible can be read by stating that the current events within the world are affected by the different modes in which a hegemonic groupsÃ¢â¬â¢ power becomes visible in a society. Within this perspective, one may state that the current oppression that women experience is caused by the patriarchal views heeded by those who directly affect world politics. Such may be the case; however it is still possible to state that even though certain nations hold control of current world politics, equal ground has been given to the different agents within society. Women, in this perspective, may be seen as possessing freedom in so far as they are no longer placed within the stereotypes of the feminine. However, the case is not that simple. Consider for example a woman in a Third World Country who is granted the recognition of her independence. Although this woman is Ã¢â¬Å"freeÃ¢â¬ , she is still placed within the stereotype of a Third World woman who needs to be further emancipated from her Ã¢â¬Å"barbaricÃ¢â¬ culture. In order to resolve such a conflict let us consider Michel FoucaultÃ¢â¬â¢s conception of power. According to Foucault, power is not an institution. It refers to the strategic situations within a particular society. It cannot be located in a particular or specific entity such as the stateÃ¢â¬â¢s sovereign, it is everywhere and nowhere at the same time manifesting its existence in the different forms of repressions present within society. Repression, however, should not be seen as an entirely negative aspect. Repression is not a form of paralysis; it should not be seen as a freezing of possibilities for all forms of repression enables. Consider for example a Muslim woman who is forced by social norms to wear a burqa. According to Abu-Lughod the act of wearing a burqa should not be seen as repressive in character since Muslim women choose to wear it for it is a basis of their social status. A Muslim woman who does not wear a burqa for instance does not come from a reputable family or she is a woman who participates in the trade of the flesh. Abu-Lughod states that the benevolent father image portrayed by America towards the Palestinian women misconstrues the Palestinian womenÃ¢â¬â¢s cultural background. Such an ethnocentric perspective merely shows AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s disrespect of other cultures. In the above example, one can see how a repressive state may have allowances, which the individual may use to inch towards her freedom, which in these terms refers to the control of the power relations that is dominant in that particular period. Palestinian womenÃ¢â¬â¢s opposition of the predominant consciousness regarding womenÃ¢â¬â¢s oppression can best be portrayed using the notion of oppositional consciousness. Oppositional consciousness refers to the subversive use of tools of repression. This is evident in the practice of Palestinian women in the United States who choose to wear their burqa despite their freedom to dispose of it within foreign grounds. It might be stated that such an action is only possible since there are no threats placed upon the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s life when she refuses to adhere to the practice in a different place. However, it can be argued that as long as their actions are explicitly stated to stand for a particular cause notion of oppositional consciousness still follows. Oppositional consciousness, however, becomes problematic when one considers that an individual is predisposed to think in a particular way based upon his or her ontological and epistemic background. In other words, is it really possible for a woman to obtain freedom when she has been conditioned or predisposed to think in a particular way? Specifically, in a way wherein she considers the view of the patriarch to be the basis for truth compared to the view of her fellow women. This tendency is apparent in the current contentions that feminism experiences with women outside the academe. As an answer to the events, which occurred after the September 11 bombing, Bachetta, together with other transnational feminists stated their disapproval towards the violent effects of BushÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"messianic missionÃ¢â¬ to redeem the world from all forms of Ã¢â¬Å"terrorÃ¢â¬ evident in the so called Ã¢â¬Å"backwardÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"barbaric waysÃ¢â¬ of those who reside in the Middle East. According to S.R., a Palestinian woman, though she agrees with the general appeal of feminists to stop the war, she disapproves of the way that feminists present Palestinian women in general. According to S.R., liberation should not be forced on an individual. It is an instinct, which presents itself on its own way. The general contention regarding transnational feminists appeal is their ethnocentric tendency to perceive other women who refuses to heed their call as Ã¢â¬Å"oppressedÃ¢â¬ individuals. However, it may be argued that transnational feminists notion of feminism may be salvaged if one considers that their emphasis lies on the need for women to be freed from their political double bind apparent in their marginalization as women and in the use of their bodies as tools for the assertion of power. Instances like these can be seen in FalconÃ¢â¬â¢s analysis of the militarized rape cases, which occurred in the US-Mexico border. Sylvanna Falcon, in her paper Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ËNational SecurityÃ¢â¬â¢ and the Violation of WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s BodiesÃ¢â¬ reiterates these claims as she discussed the cases of rape committed at the US-Mexico border. Falcon argued that the rape and harassment of women in the said border presents an example of Ã¢â¬Å"the hypermasculine nature of war and militarismÃ¢â¬ wherein sexual assault is used as a military strategy which aims to Ã¢â¬Å"dominate women and psychologically debilitate people viewed as the Ã¢â¬ËenemyÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (120). According to Falcon, what occurs in the border is a form of Ã¢â¬Å"national security rape and systematic rapeÃ¢â¬ . Ã¢â¬Å"National security rapeÃ¢â¬ refers to the sexual abuse of women committed for the sake of Ã¢â¬Å"bolstering (a soldierÃ¢â¬â¢s) nervous nervesÃ¢â¬ . Ã¢â¬Å"Systematic rapeÃ¢â¬ , on the other hand, refers to the use of rape Ã¢â¬Å"as an instrument of open warfareÃ¢â¬ (121). It should be noted that these women are placed in a political double bind. Besides being displaced individuals and forced migrants, they are considered as threats to the state as the state conveniently forgets that these individuals are products of the internal repressions caused by the war. One might presume that their existence within the middle ground grants them a special immunity since they are freed from the hegemonizing tendencies of the state. In fact, Falcon herself recognizes their positionality as providing them with a space that enables them to counter the systemÃ¢â¬â¢s legitimacy. This idea becomes her springboard for the possibility of holding the United States accountable for the human rights violations committed in the US-Mexican border. However, it is important to consider the tendency of Ã¢â¬Å"universal rightsÃ¢â¬ to be particularistic in character, in other words, applicable to others only-particularly to the enemy of those who hold the position of power. In the 1990Ã¢â¬â¢s a new norm has developed in international affairs. This refers to the right of self designated Ã¢â¬Å"enlighted statesÃ¢â¬ to resort to force in order to protect humanityÃ¢â¬ . The guiding principle behind this exists in the malleability of norms and its tendency to be placed in alignment with the interests of the powerful. An example of this is apparent in Nuremberg trials wherein an act is considered Ã¢â¬Å"criminalÃ¢â¬ if and only it is not one, which the victor committed. The operative definition of a crime or any form of injustice within the universal jurisdiction would be an act, which only the vanquished foe committed. A more recent example can be seen in the Ã¢â¬Å"war against terrorÃ¢â¬ of the United States. According to the US Code and Army Manual, terrorism refers to Ã¢â¬Å"the use, or threat, of action which is violent, damaging, or disrupting, and is intended to influence the government or intimidate the public and is for the purpose of advancing a political, religious, or ideological causeÃ¢â¬ (qtd from George, 18). From this definition, it follows that the sexual assaults, which occur at the US-Mexico border are in themselves acts of terrorism since they are enacted in order to reinforce the United StatesÃ¢â¬â¢ hold on the territory through causing damages and disruptions in womenÃ¢â¬â¢s lives. This presents us with the self- negating tendencies of the United StatesÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬Å"messianic missionÃ¢â¬ of grafting democracy along with its ideals of freedom and liberty to the rest of the world. Although it might be stated that United States may be held accountable for it offenses against the national community, the possibility of the event is dependent upon the change of the power relations that dominate the national society. Such a change, on the other hand is dependent upon womenÃ¢â¬â¢s recognition of their positions as transnational members of the global community capable of mobilizing against the capitalist movements in the world. Works Cited: Falcon, Sylvanna.Ã Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ËNational SecurityÃ¢â¬â¢ and the Violation of Women: Militarized Border Rape at the U.S. Mexico Border.Ã¢â¬ George, Alexander.Ã Western State Terrorism.Ã Polity: Blackwell, 1991. Ã Ã Ã
Posted by Adolfo Jacobsen at 5:50 AM
Saturday, November 9, 2019
Brennyn Mackey 2 May 2011 The Secret War of Salem Exposing the Culprit behind the Mass Hysteria The Salem Witch Trials were a series of infamous events that demand an explanation for their occurrence. The trials that took place in 1692 caused neighbors in the community of Salem Village in the colony of Massachusetts to turn on one another out of paranoia, accusing one another of witchcraft. According to Carol Karlsen, a longtime author of the subject, nineteen people were hanged and about 200 others were imprisoned (40).A few theories have been offered in order to explain the root of this mass hysteria. The theories in question need to be examined to see which holds the most credibility. Most historians who have studied the subject agree on the chronological order of events that set this dark episode of history into motion. They believe it began in the household of Reverend Samuel Parris. Reverend Parris owned a West Indian slave named Tituba. Tituba would tell the young girls storie s of her experiences in sorcery when the reverend was away.This small group of girls started with Abigail Williams, the reverendÃ¢â¬â¢s niece, and Elizabeth Parris, his daughter. Soon, a few girls from neighboring homes joined. Eventually, the girls began to exhibit exceptionally erratic behaviors. They would have hallucinations and convulsions. A physician checked the girls, but he failed to find a natural cause for their behavior. He attributed their ailments to a supernatural cause (Salem Witch Trials). The girls began to claim they were being afflicted by witches and started making accusations. Thus, the panic ensued.Those who have studied the subject of the Salem Witch Trials have very few disagreements on these events. Though history may have documented the events, it has not presented a clear underlying cause to their occurrence. Why did the girls act in such a manner? Scholars have presented their own theories for this mystery. One theory that attempts to explain the hyste ria is that there was a fungal poisoning such as ergot in the bread that the girls ate. This would be an ideal explanation for their convulsions. Another theory is that witchcraft was actually being practiced.This theory states that the incredibly odd behavior of the girls was attributed to the practices that Tituba was teaching them. A final theory that draws much interest is that the girls were acting. Scholars have looked at these events from a political perspective and suggest that Reverend Parris persuaded the young girls to act in an odd manner. The theory that answers the most questions without raising an equal number of new questions is the best explanation. The theory that Reverend Parris used the girls to gain wealth holds such a status.The theory that there was an ergot infestation is advocated by a professor named Linnda Caporeal. Caporeal has argued that a fungal poison known as ergot, which grows on rye, had been ingested by the girls, causing their behaviors. She goes on to explain that Ã¢â¬Å"all the symptoms [of ergot poisoning] are alluded to in the Salem Witch TrialsÃ¢â¬ (Caporeal). This theory does not make sense when considering why the only ones affected were the young girls in the Parris household. Convulsive ergot poisoning most often affects small children, but the Salem Village had hundreds of residents.The whole village ate grains harvested from the same fields and this theory does not have an account of anyone else exhibiting the slightest convulsions. It is far too coincidental that the only ones affected were a few young girls. This theory has also been attacked by researchers such as Spanos and Gottlieb. They address the point previously mentioned as well as the nutritional condition of the villagers. In another article, they responded to CaporealÃ¢â¬â¢s arguments regarding the afflicted girls as well as the villagersÃ¢â¬â¢ nutritional susceptibility.Spanos and Gottlieb state that Ã¢â¬Å"the fact that most individuals [Ã¢â ¬ ¦] living in the same households as the afflicted girls showed no signs of symptoms is attributed by Caporeal to wide individual differences in susceptibility to ergot poisoning. Ã¢â¬ They also discuss vitamin A deficiency. According to their research: Ergot poisoning in individuals with adequate vitamin A intakes leads to gangrenous rather than convulsive symptoms. Vitamin A is found both in fish and in dairy products. Salem Village was a farming community and Salem Town, which bordered the village, was a well-known seaport; cows and fish were plentiful.There is no evidence to suggest a vitamin A deficiency in the diet of the inhabitants, and it would be particularly unlikely for the so-called Ã¢â¬Å"afflicted girls,Ã¢â¬ some of whom came from well-to-do farming families. The absence of any instance of gangrenous symptomatology makes it highly unlikely that ergot played any role in the Salem crisis (Spanos). The theory that there was an ergot infestation does not seem to h old up to the accounts of Spanos and Gottlieb. The theory of ergot infestation has slowly lost credibility due to these pieces of evidence.Another theory that attempts to explain the paranoia is the theory that witchcraft was being practiced in the community. The word Ã¢â¬Å"witchÃ¢â¬ came into English from Wicca, an Anglo-Saxon word that means Ã¢â¬Å"wise oneÃ¢â¬ (Buckland 26). Witches have been viewed throughout history as servants of Satan, spreading misfortune. This is an exaggerated stereotype similar to the misconception that witches fly around on broomsticks and transform into animals. A Wiccan author known as Sheena Morgan addresses issues regarding false stereotypes of witchcraft. She states that people Ã¢â¬Å"have lots of misconceptions about what Wicca and witchcraft actually entail.People seem to confuse witchcraft with Satanism or devil worship [Ã¢â¬ ¦] Wicca [Ã¢â¬ ¦] does not seek new adherentsÃ¢â¬ (14). The author implies that Wicca is a pantheistic religio n that promotes harmony with the natural world and does not entail bloodletting rituals. All the Ã¢â¬Å"HalloweenÃ¢â¬ aspects of Wicca are stereotypical misrepresentations of their beliefs. The Puritans had a deep fear that those dark conceptions were a reality. Such preconceived notions and religious beliefs that the Puritans had regarding witchcraft must have been the fuel for the trials. According toPuritan beliefs, witches worshipped Satan. Melanie Gauch, a lifetime Wiccan, has stated that Wiccans do not believe in a devil. That is a Christian notion that the Puritans associate with paganism. The Puritans exercised complete intolerance of the Wiccan beliefs and created the paranoia in their own minds when they felt threatened. In the Bible, Exodus 22:18 states, Ã¢â¬Å"Thou shalt not suffer a witch to liveÃ¢â¬ (King James Bible). The puritans followed the Bible wholeheartedly, and their beliefs carried them to accusations, and then on to interrogations.However, the main pro blem with the witchcraft theory is that it cannot be proven. The accusations themselves could not even be proven. One way to accuse someone of witchcraft was by use of spectral evidence. If an apparition appeared to an individual, they could point a finger at someone and accuse that person of afflicting them (Salem Witch Trials). This spectral evidence was only witnessed by the afflicted, but was generally accepted as credible evidence. Due to fear and hysteria, accusations could be made without proof of any witchcraft.It is highly unlikely that witchcraft played any part in the terror of the trials. The theory that Reverend Samuel Parris was the true incendiary behind the trials carries the most logic. Samuel Parris was closely associated with the Putnam family and had been given a ministerÃ¢â¬â¢s contract that included all the usual benefits, such as a decent salary, a house and free firewood. However, Parris had received all this in addition to a title and deed to the parish, w hich enraged the residents who did not want to be congregationally separate from Salem Town (Saari 35-6).He was in desperate need of securing his position as minister and the outbreak of witchcraft accusations was the best way to do it. In a time of such paranoia regarding satanic forces, the villagers would be in desperate need of his services. Ernest King and Franklin Mixon Jr. authored an article discussing that concept. According to them: Salem Village, both before and through the witchcraft trials, was a religion-based community, allowing its minister to exert a level of politicalÃ¢â¬âeconomic control over its citizens. During the height of the itchcraft episode, there was an increased demand for ministerial services (salvation) in the Salem area. Recent research has argued that the minister used the witchcraft episode to maintain and build upon personal and corporate wealth (King and Mixon). This demonstrates that Reverend Parris had the political motives for taking advanta ge of the girlsÃ¢â¬â¢ behavior. When witchcraft accusations arose, some of the Salem residents who had opposed the reverendÃ¢â¬â¢s contract had no choice but to attend church and pay any offerings they could. If they did not do so, they would run the risk of being accused of witchcraft.This was a simply perfect solution for Reverend Parris. Before continuing to examine the reverend, it is necessary to understand his background. Samuel Parris was born in London and grew up to inherit his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s plantation. After a hurricane devastated the plantation, he became a merchant. However, when his business failed, he decided to be a minister (Orr 16). It seems the reverendÃ¢â¬â¢s life had a series of failures. According to Frances Hill, author of numerous books on the subject, ParrisÃ¢â¬â¢s first misfortune had been dropping out of Harvard (117).After all the other hindrances, he was ready to accept a job as minister of Salem Village, but then demanded more and more changes to his contract over time, continuously negotiating matters such as firewood and corn provisions, the deed to the ministry house and salary (118). The Putnam family controlled most of the farmland in Salem Village and played a large part in his ministerial contract. This evidence shows there may have been a political partnership between the two. Salem Village and Salem Town were in a period of great political tension.During this time, the Putnam family owned most of the farmland in Salem Village and wanted to become separate from Salem Town, the nearby thriving seaport on which the other villagers depended upon for economic reasons (Salem Witch Trials). This divided the village, and the Reverend Samuel Parris became minister during this turmoil. Other than political division, the villagers had everyday worries such as Indian raids and smallpox outbreaks, which increased tensions. This was the social situation at the time of ParrisÃ¢â¬â¢s ascent to position of minister.In order to gain political power, Reverend Parris would have had to do something about those who opposed him. The authors Paul Boyer and Stephen Nissenbaum examine the social history of the Salem community in their book, Salem Possessed and they have noticed a pattern. A series of petitions against the reverend were collected and the names of those who opposed Parris in the past were the ones most often accused of witchcraft. The names included the majority of the Proctor family and Rebecca Nurse (183-6). The most astounding case was the account of George Burroughs, the previous minister of Salem Village.When George Burroughs spoke out against the trials that Reverend Parris was championing, he was immediately tried for witchcraft. He was found guilty. Soon before he was hung, he had recited Ã¢â¬Å"The LordÃ¢â¬â¢s Prayer,Ã¢â¬ which was supposedly impossible for a witch (Salem Witch Trials). Unfortunately, it is not known for certain whether or not Reverend Parris had been advocating agains t him until his moment of death, but this was another accusation that worked in ParrisÃ¢â¬â¢s favor. The Salem Witch Trials may have been an irrational event, but they still have a rational explanation.Numerous scholars have attempted to explain away the events with multiple theories, but only one explanation has withstood questioning. The theory that Reverend Parris used the girls to gain political influence is most sensible. The reverend would have lost his job and after so many setbacks in his earlier life, he would not have been prepared for another loss. The relationships between two of the girls and the reverend makes the reverend highly suspect, but even more so was the fact that the accused were the ones who had usually opposed Parris in the past.The accounts of George Burroughs and the political partnership between the Putnam family and Reverend Parris carries also carries a lot of weight. In the end, the evidence shows that Reverend Samuel Parris was the culprit behind t he mass hysteria. Works Cited Boyer, Paul, and Stephen Nissenbaum. Salem Possessed: The Social Origins of Witchcraft. Harvard, 1974. Print Buckland, Raymond. Witchcraft from the Inside: Origins of the Fastest Growing Religious Movement in America. St. Paul: Llewellyn Pub. , 1971. Print. Caporeal, Linnda. Ergotism: The Satan Loosed in Salem? Ã¢â¬ Science Vol. 192 (1976) Web. 30 Apr. 2011. Gauch, Melanie. Facebook Personal Message Interview. 1 May 2011. Hill, Frances. The Salem Witch Trials Reader. Cambridge: Da Capo P. , 2001. Print. Karlsen, Carol F. The Devil in the Shape of a Woman: Witchcraft in Colonial New England. Ontario: Penguin Books Canada, 1987. Print. King, Ernest W. , and Franklin G. Mixon. Ã¢â¬Å"Religiosity and the Political Economy of the Salem Witch Trials. Ã¢â¬ Social Science Journal. 47. 3 (2010): Abstract.Business Source Premiere. Web. 29 Apr. 2011. Morgan, Sheena. The Wicca Handbook: A complete Guide to Witchcraft and Magic. London: Vega, 2003. Print Orr, Tamra. People at the Center of: The Salem Witch Trials. Farmington Hills: Blackbirch Press, 2004. Print. Saari, Peggy. Witchcraft in America. Detroit: UXL, 2001. Print. Ã¢â¬Å"Salem Witch Trials. Ã¢â¬ In Search of History. History Channel. A&E Television Networks, 1998. DVD Spanos, Nicholas and Jack Gottlieb. Ã¢â¬Å"Ergotism and the Salem Village Witch TrialsÃ¢â¬ Science Vol. 194 (1976) Web. 30 Apr. 2011.
Posted by Adolfo Jacobsen at 11:48 PM
Thursday, November 7, 2019
A Whole New Point of View The lights dim, the audience goes silent, spotlight up, out steps the producer to introduce his play, Coca-ColaÃ¢â¬â¢s Craig Kevorkian Presents Volpone. The curtains open up to a completely unfamiliar setting. I, Craig Kevorkian, the Producer, have made a few minor adaptations to the play in order that it might hold the interest of the audience; you see, JonsonÃ¢â¬â¢s version was just too boring. The year is 2642 AD; the place is the futuristic city of Venice situated on a space platform orbiting high above the planet of Italy. The characters all have their own little quirks with names to match. Volponex is the man-cyborg as clever as a fox. Moscax is a robot who feeds off of the same energy source as Volponex but assists him in all things. Nanox is a genetically engineered midget alien. Ballsy is a eunuch whose testicles were removed as punishment for his poor rhyming scheme. Pat is an umÃ¢â¬ ¦. uhÃ¢â¬ ¦. wellÃ¢â¬ ¦. itÃ¢â¬â¢s Pat; thereÃ¢â¬â¢s not much to say about umm him? Her? Voltorex is a lawyer whose pocketbook is too thick for his own good. Corbacciox X is an older model cyborg and mentor to the newer cyborg Bonariox 3000. Corvinox is a space merchant from the planet Ghoti; and of course there is President and First Beyatch Politicex OughtnÃ¢â¬â¢tex-Beex, visiting from the planet England. As the curtains open upon the play the great cyborg, Volponex, stands in his docking station and beckons his little rolly robot helper (you know the kind, the small kind of pyramidy thing with wheels on the bottom and arms that extend from inside to sweep things up, pull back curtains, pull out chairs and the like, not particularly elegant, but functional. It has a big face painted on the front, with a smiley face.), commands him to display a holographic image showing his stock quotes, savings, and checking accounts. Feeling disatisified with a mere 996 billion denarri credits, he decides to go on a hunt for more money. He a... Free Essays on A Whole New Point of View on Volpone Free Essays on A Whole New Point of View on Volpone A Whole New Point of View The lights dim, the audience goes silent, spotlight up, out steps the producer to introduce his play, Coca-ColaÃ¢â¬â¢s Craig Kevorkian Presents Volpone. The curtains open up to a completely unfamiliar setting. I, Craig Kevorkian, the Producer, have made a few minor adaptations to the play in order that it might hold the interest of the audience; you see, JonsonÃ¢â¬â¢s version was just too boring. The year is 2642 AD; the place is the futuristic city of Venice situated on a space platform orbiting high above the planet of Italy. The characters all have their own little quirks with names to match. Volponex is the man-cyborg as clever as a fox. Moscax is a robot who feeds off of the same energy source as Volponex but assists him in all things. Nanox is a genetically engineered midget alien. Ballsy is a eunuch whose testicles were removed as punishment for his poor rhyming scheme. Pat is an umÃ¢â¬ ¦. uhÃ¢â¬ ¦. wellÃ¢â¬ ¦. itÃ¢â¬â¢s Pat; thereÃ¢â¬â¢s not much to say about umm him? Her? Voltorex is a lawyer whose pocketbook is too thick for his own good. Corbacciox X is an older model cyborg and mentor to the newer cyborg Bonariox 3000. Corvinox is a space merchant from the planet Ghoti; and of course there is President and First Beyatch Politicex OughtnÃ¢â¬â¢tex-Beex, visiting from the planet England. As the curtains open upon the play the great cyborg, Volponex, stands in his docking station and beckons his little rolly robot helper (you know the kind, the small kind of pyramidy thing with wheels on the bottom and arms that extend from inside to sweep things up, pull back curtains, pull out chairs and the like, not particularly elegant, but functional. It has a big face painted on the front, with a smiley face.), commands him to display a holographic image showing his stock quotes, savings, and checking accounts. Feeling disatisified with a mere 996 billion denarri credits, he decides to go on a hunt for more money. He a...
Posted by Adolfo Jacobsen at 5:46 PM
Tuesday, November 5, 2019
QuÃ © es TPS y beneficios migratorios a centroamericanos El Estatus de ProtecciÃ ³n Temporal, conocido como TPS por sus siglas en inglÃ ©s, es un beneficio que otorgan las autoridades de Estados Unidos a migrantes indocumentados de determinados paÃ ses en donde existe una situaciÃ ³n grave de inestabilidad, como una guerra civil o un desastre natural. No todos los migrantes indocumentados procedentes de paÃ ses en conflicto pueden beneficiarse de un TPS. Las autoridades de Estados Unidos deben emitir una declaraciÃ ³n formal extendiendo protecciÃ ³n TPS a los nacionales de un paÃ s en particular. Puntos Clave: TPS El TPS es una protecciÃ ³n temporal otorgada por el gobierno de los Estados Unidos a los migrantes de paÃ ses en situaciones de inestabilidad grave.Beneficios migratorios por TPS: los migrantes no pueden ser deportados, cuentan con permiso de trabajo y pueden solicitar permiso para viajar fuera de EE.UU. y regresar.PaÃ ses centroamericanos amparados bajo TPS: El Salvador, Nicaragua y Honduras. Ã ¿QuÃ © paÃ ses tienen TPS? En la actualidad, los ciudadanos de 10 paÃ ses pueden beneficiarse de un TPS, en tanto reÃ ºnan los requisitos establecidos en sus respectivas declaraciones de Estatus de ProtecciÃ ³n Temporal: El Salvador, HaitÃ , Honduras, Nepal, Nicaragua, Siria, Somalia, Sudn, Sudn del Sur y Yemen. En estos momentos, la situaciÃ ³n del TPS para El Salvador, Nicaragua, HaitÃ y Sudn es voltil debido a que la administraciÃ ³n del Presidente Donald Trump dictaminÃ ³ el fin del programa, pero la orden preliminar de una corte de distrito impide, por el momento, la ejecuciÃ ³n de dicha decisiÃ ³n. Ã ¿Cules son las protecciones migratorias para los migrantes con TPS? Las protecciones migratorias para los migrantes indocumentados con TPS aprobado o elegibles para TPS son las siguientes: No pueden ser deportados ni detenidos por razones migratorias.Tienen derecho a un permiso de trabajo conocido como EAD.Pueden obtener un permiso para viajar fuera de EE.UU. y regresar.Pueden solicitar un nÃ ºmero del Seguro Social y sacar la licencia de manejar. Sin embargo, un TPS no es un camino directo hacia la tarjeta de residencia permanente, conocida como green card. En otras palabras, un TPS no se convierte en una green card al cabo del paso del tiempo y de manera automtica. Tampoco es un camino hacia la ciudadanÃ a estadounidense. Cabe destacar que, como condiciÃ ³n indispensable para obtener los beneficios del TPS, es obligatorio estar en Estados Unidos en el momento en que se produce la declaraciÃ ³n de las autoridades estadounidenses otorgando TPS a un determinado paÃ s. En otras palabras, el TPS no beneficia a los migrantes que llegaron en fecha posterior a dicha declaraciÃ ³n. TambiÃ ©n es imprescindible haber solicitado el TPS en los 18 meses siguientes al inicio del programa y haber solicitado la extensiÃ ³n cada vez que se decretÃ ³ la misma. SituaciÃ ³n de TPS para salvadoreÃ ±os El TPS para El Salvador se aprobÃ ³ en 2001 y desde entonces se extendiÃ ³ en sucesivas ocasiones. En la actualidad, unos 200.000 salvadoreÃ ±os se benefician del mismo, aunque estn en riesgo de perderlo. En enero de 2018, el Departamento de Seguridad Interna (DSH, por sus siglas en inglÃ ©s) anunciÃ ³ que no iba a extender el TPS para El Salvador y que este caducarÃ a en septiembre de 2019. Sin embargo, segÃ ºn una orden preliminar en el caso Ramos et al v. Nielsen et al, el DHS no puede poner fin a la protecciÃ ³n de TPS. Mientras tanto, para los salvadoreÃ ±os que pidieron la Ã ºltima extensiÃ ³n de su TPS, tienen que haber recibido la carta Notice of Continued Evidence of Work Authorization enviada por USCIS. Esta puede presentarse junto con el permiso de trabajo como prueba de que se est autorizado para trabajar en Estados Unidos. Las personas que no han recibido la carta y cumplen los requisitos (como haber solicitado la extensiÃ ³n del TPS dentro de plazo a principios de 2018) pueden solicitarla marcando al 1-800-375-5283 o comunicndose con Emma, la asistente virtual de USCIS. TPS y beneficiarios nicaragÃ ¼enses La situaciÃ ³n de los nicaragÃ ¼enses con TPS es similar a la de los salvadoreÃ ±os. El gobierno de EE.UU. anunciÃ ³ el fin de ese programa el 5 de julio de 2019, pero la orden preliminar de una corte de distrito del norte de California ha dejado, por el momento, vigente el programa, y se est a la espera de futuras decisiones judiciales. Mientras tanto, entre 2.500 y 5.000 nicaragÃ ¼enses siguen amparados por el TPS con permisos de trabajo con fecha de vencimiento de 2 de abril de 2019. El gobierno de Estados Unidos concediÃ ³ el TPS para Nicaragua en 1999, despuÃ ©s de que el huracn Mitch devastÃ ³ el paÃ s. Pudieron acogerse al programa los nicaragÃ ¼enses que demostraron haber ingresado a EE.UU. el 30 de diciembre de 1998 o antes y haber estado en el paÃ s de forma continua desde el 5 de enero de 1999. TPS para hondureÃ ±os A mediados de 2008, el gobierno de Trump extendiÃ ³ el TPS para hondureÃ ±os hasta el 5 de enero de 2020. Aproximadamente unos 57.000 hondureÃ ±os tienen TPS, bajo la resoluciÃ ³n que fue aprobada en 1998 tras los desastres provocados en su paÃ s por el paso del huracn Mitch. Ã ¿QuÃ © pueden hacer los migrantes con TPS para arreglar sus papeles? Teniendo en consideraciÃ ³n que el TPS no se convierte nunca automticamente en una tarjeta de residencia permanente y que existe la amenaza real de que el TPS caduque, es conveniente explorar si existen posibilidades de quedarse en Estados Unidos legalmente. En primer lugar, es posible para algunos migrantes ajustar su estatus cuando hay una peticiÃ ³n. Por ejemplo, una solicitud de papeles presentada por un ciudadano estadounidense para su cÃ ³nyuge o por un hijo nacido en EE.UU. mayor de 21 para su padre o su madre. En ambos casos, para que sea posible el ajuste de estatus es necesario que el migrante haya ingresado legalmente a EE.UU., aunque luego se hubiera convertido en indocumentado al no salir dentro del plazo autorizado. Cabe destacar que los migrantes que ingresaron a EE.UU. cruzando ilegalmente la frontera no pueden ajustar su estatus por peticiÃ ³n de cÃ ³nyuge ciudadano ni de hijos ciudadanos. Estas peticiones deben finalizarse en una embajada o consulado de EE.UU. y esa salida del paÃ s lleva aparejada, en muchos casos, que se active el castigo de 3 a 10 aÃ ±os que impide regresar por ese tiempo. La Ã ºnica excepciÃ ³n son los migrantes que califiquen para obtener un perdÃ ³n provisional por dureza extrema antes de viajar fuera de EE.UU., ya que aunque tendrÃ a que salir del paÃ s para presentarse a la entrevista en un consulado podrÃ an regresar inmediatamente despuÃ ©s de la misma. En segundo lugar, serÃ a posible para algunos migrantes acogerse al asilo polÃ tico. Aunque en principio hay que solicitarlo en el plazo de un aÃ ±o desde que se ingresa a EE.UU., el TPS paraliza ese cÃ ³mputo, ya que es una circunstancia extraordinaria que, en el lenguaje legal del asilo, para el reloj. En tercer lugar, los migrantes que son familiares inmediatos de un ciudadano que sirve en el EjÃ ©rcito de los Estados Unidos o es veterano o reservista podrÃ an regularizar su situaciÃ ³n y sacar la green card por medio del programa conocido como Parole in Place. Finalmente, los migrantes vÃ ctimas de ciertos crÃ menes podrÃ an obtener beneficios migratorios a travÃ ©s de la visa T para casos de trfico humano. Esta opciÃ ³n tambiÃ ©n aplica para la visa U, para casos de personas que han colaborado en la resoluciÃ ³n de ciertos crÃ menes o la condena de los victimarios, asÃ como el programa VAWA para vÃ ctimas de violencia domÃ ©stica para cÃ ³nyuges de ciudadanos o residentes permanentes legales. En algunos casos esta protecciÃ ³n tambiÃ ©n se extiende a los padres e hijos de los mismos. Es importante evitar ser vÃ ctima de fraude de asesores no calificados que juegan con la desesperaciÃ ³n de los migrantes. Es recomendable consultar el caso de cada persona con un abogado calificado o un representante acreditado por el Departamento de Justicia. Este es un artÃ culo informativo. No es asesorÃ a legal.
Posted by Adolfo Jacobsen at 11:46 AM
Sunday, November 3, 2019
Parenting Education - Essay Example They must be told at the initial phase of their lives that a little mischief is always permissible but doing this in an all-out manner is not a very acceptable thing. This paper takes a keen look at the critical standpoint of the relationships that exist within the parents and the kidsÃ¢â¬â¢ spheres. It also studies the basis of the parents being at the helm of complete control and exerting their influence in nearly all the kidsÃ¢â¬â¢ activities and undertakings. One sees this relationship between the parents and the kids in such a way that allows for their positive association with one another. However it is when the kids stop realizing that they are answerable to their parents that the whole problem creeps into the related domains. This is one of the most important aspects that one should understand before delving deep into the study basis of associations between the parents and their kids. The parents are unaware of the new ways and means through which their kids are bent upon deceiving them (Levine 2007). They are also unknowing the realms that their kids are outsmarting them in terms of technological prowess and related technical details that they are learning by the day. The ignorance therefore is very detrimental towards the cause of raising kids on a solid footing, as the repercussions are immensely hazardous for the parents as well as their kids. The parents might not live long enough to see their kids getting to good ages but what they can do is to inculcate a sense of sound.
Posted by Adolfo Jacobsen at 4:24 AM
Thursday, October 31, 2019
The Taliban - Research Paper Example Social scientists and organizations are conducting studies in order to develop Ã¢â¬Å"more concrete dataÃ¢â¬ ¦that lead some people to terrorism Ã¢â¬âand use those insights to develop ways to thwart itÃ¢â¬ (Tori DeAngelis, 2009). The Chinese philosopher Sun Tzu aptly puts it: Ã¢â¬Å"If you know the enemy and know yourself, you need not fear the result of a hundred battles. If you know yourself but not the enemy, for every vicÃ tory gained you will also suffer a defeat (The Art of War, 6 BC).Ã¢â¬ The Taliban The Taliban emerged in the 1990s as a predominantly Pashtun movement in northern Pakistan. The group became prominent in 1994 in Afghanistan and was then recognized by the United Arab Emirates, Pakistan and Saudi Arabia. It gained notoriety after the 9/11 attacks in the United States of America in 2001 and was soon removed from power in Afghanistan by a US-led coalition. The group advocated a hard line enforcement of Islamic Law (BBC News Asia, 3 January 2012). Taliban ideology is based on Salafism which follows the egalitarian model, and Pashtunwali, which Ã¢â¬Å"arose from the madrassas during the Afghan-Soviet war.Ã¢â¬ The group Ã¢â¬Å"represented nobody but themselves and recognized no Islam except their own. (Afsar, Major Shahid, Samples, Major Chris and Wood, Major Thomas, 2008). Their religious ideology firmly enforces zealous compliance to their rule including banning all forms of entertainment, and banning of womenÃ¢â¬â¢s education, including their seclusion. Harsh punishment for offenses like chopping of hands and public executions are their common methods of dispensing justice for perceived crime (EASO, 2012). The group has a hierarchical and layered structure with autonomous units under the control of the central leadership. It is headed by the Mullah Mohammad Omar who also controls the Shura (Leadership Council) with several organizing directors controlling provincial level activities under him. The next level of hierarchy is th e Provincial Chief with their respective Provincial Commision members, followed by the District level chief with District Deputies. On the fighter level, are the squad leaders with their respective Mujahiddens (EASO, 2012). Decision making is left to the top leaders who utilize authoritarian decision-making. The lower levels of the hierarchy on the other hand rely on consensus decision-making to maintain support from the populace (Afsar et. al, 2012). According to Jeffrey Dressler and Carl Forsberg, in their article Backgrounder The Quetta Shura Taliban in Southern Afghanistan: Organization, Operation and Shadow Governance (December 31, 2009) Large fighting units range in size from groups of twelve to thirty-plus fighters. They typically carry outÃ¢â¬ ¦coordinated, multi-directional ambushes or raids in Taliban-controlled territory. Suicide bombers areÃ¢â¬ ¦foreignÃ¢â¬ ¦(as) their deaths will not be mourned by local families, potentially eroding public support forÃ¢â¬ ¦Suicide a ttackers are trained in Pakistan and sent into the south, to report to a specific commander to receive instructions. At the district level and below are resourced by local indigenous fighters. Low-level commanders and small-unit leaders (no less than five personnel) operate with a higher degree of autonomy. Smaller units are typically comprised of between eight and twelve men, responsible for planting improvised explosive devices (IEDs), conducting small-scale ambushes of coalition and Afghan patrols and checkpoints and
Posted by Adolfo Jacobsen at 9:59 PM
Tuesday, October 29, 2019
Shopping consumerism researsh - Essay Example It has popularly grown over recent years, mostly because customers find it easy and convenient to negotiate shops from the comfort of their home or office. One of the most persuading factors about online shopping, mainly during holiday seasons, is that it reduces the need for waiting in long lines or searching from store to store for an item. In shopping malls, traditional shoppers peruse through the displays and aisles to find what they want, sometimes finding products that they were not even seeking. Online shoppers tend to use search engines to find products or product categories. Online shopping will be increasingly based on the shop knowing more and more about the individual shopper. Therefore, weÃ¢â¬â¢re going to see the online shopping experience be based more and more on automatically displaying products that the shopper is known to like (Chuanlan 2007). It is easier to shop over the internet. I have tried it a lot of times, and I know why I say so. According to (Elmer 2012), consumer information, which in online shopping is in the internet, plays a vital role in diminishing the spheres of sales, production, and distribution. The internet offers a wider platform for sellers to market and advertise their products, and for consumers to view, select and purchase whatever they are interested in. The most fundamental aim of Internet shopping is to cause an improvement on the customer and vender services. It upholds the details of addition of new customers, product receipts, product deletion and updating, and customer payments. Internet shopping also stocks up details of invoices generated by consumers and their payments, including details of payment such as credit card. In online shopping, customers find a merchandise of interest by paying a visit to the retailerÃ¢â¬â¢s website directly or by performing a search among optional vendors with the use of a shopping search engine. Once a
Posted by Adolfo Jacobsen at 7:46 PM
Sunday, October 27, 2019
CASE STUDY DAILY CARE OF A TERM INFANT The purpose of this case study is to discuss an episode of Normal Midwifery, which in this instance, will relate to the Daily Care of a Term Infant. The case study will highlight the episode of care in detail, evaluate the management of the babys Physical care and the womans Educational, Psychosocial needs with relevant evidence based support. The anonymity of mother and baby will be maintained in accordance with NMC (2008) and ESC 1 (NMC, 2007) and will be referred to as the woman and the baby through out the Case Study. Consent was also requested from the woman for herself and baby to be included in the Case Study in line with ESC 1 (NMC, 2007). BACKGROUND The woman was a 28 year old who was parity 1+0, had a spontaneous vaginal delivery of a baby girl with only Entonox as pain relief and was now 2nd day postnatal. The baby girl weighed 3288 grams with no complications after delivery and had APGAR scores of 8 at 1 minutes and 9 at 5 minutes. The woman had 40 minutes uninterrupted skin-to-skin with the baby after birth and decided to artificially feed rather than breast feed, although benefits of breast feeding were explained to the woman. The Student Midwife first met the woman during her Labour the previous day and was present at the birth. As the Student Midwife was working a day shift with her Mentor, it was requested that the Student Midwife carry out the Daily Examination of the baby in line with KCND (NHSQIS, 2009), while the Mentor observed. The initial examination and assessment of the baby was done at birth by the Mentor as suggested by Demott, Bick, Norman (2006) and included assessing the newborns physiological adaptation to extra-uterine life, colour, tone, breathing and heart rate according to Resuscitation Council (2006). The purpose of the Daily Examination there after is to monitor the progress of the baby and for early detection of deviation from the normal established at Initial Examination. These findings were documented in SWMR Baby Post Natal notes in line with NMC (2008) and KCND (NHSQIS, 2009). The Student Midwife before entering the womans room to commence examination familiarised herself with the womans Medical case / SWMR notes and babys SWMR notes, to review the medical history including: family history, maternal, antenatal and perinatal history, fetal and neonatal history so as to be prepared to assist with any concerns the woman may have regarding Physical, Educational or Social needs as recommended by KCND (NHSQIS, 2009). PHYSICAL The Student Midwife greeted the woman on entering the room and enquired how the woman was feeling. It was established that the woman was pain free and feeling fairly rested after labour the previous day. The Student Midwife then asked how the woman had found the baby overnight, regarding specifically feeding, sleeping pattern, passing urine meconium. The woman confirmed that the baby had been feeding approximately every 3 4 hours taking 30 mls each time, between feeds the baby was reported to have been settled and sleeping. It was also reported that the baby had been having wet nappies and one episode of a large amount of meconium being passed. It was important to establish that meconium had been passed within the first 24 hours as failure to do so may have indicated a gastrointestinal problem including Hirshsprungs disease. The woman was reassured that the passing of urine and meconium was important as this ensures that the renal and gastrointestinal systems are functioning normal ly. The information given was recorded in the babys SWMR notes following NMC (2008). It was then explained to the woman that the Student Midwife was going to examine the baby from head to toe, this would involve the baby being completely undressed at some point during the examination and that it would be carried out in front of her. Any findings would be discussed with her at the time and any concerns that she may have would be answered. Consent was then sought from the woman in line with NMC (2008) for the examination to be carried out, as the baby could not give consent, which was duly given. As it is important that the baby does not become cold due to the inefficiency of regulating temperature due to immaturity of the hypothalamus as suggested by Farrell and Sittlington in Fraser and Cooper (2009), the Student Midwife ensured that all windows and doors were closed to exclude any draught before commencing the Daily Examination of the baby. Also the Student Midwife washed her hands and applied latex free gloves to protect herself from any of the babys bodily fluids and to protect the baby who is at risk of infection as suggested by Johnson and Taylor (2006). Whilst undressing the baby the Student Midwife was mindful to show respect to the baby by gentle handling and lack of excessive noise as suggested by Carbjal and Coudered (2003). Safety of the baby was also considered and the Student Midwife ensured that the cot was stable and in view of the mother prior to commencing the examination. The babys identity was confirmed by checking details on both identity bands on the baby with the mother and the mothers identity was also confirmed by checking her identity band in line with the Newborn and Infant Physical Examination (NIPE) Standards and Competencies (NHS, 2008). A methodical examination was commenced by the Student Midwife which follows. All findings were discussed with the woman and documented in the babys SWMR notes as recommended by NMC (2007) who state that midwives must adhere to the guidelines for records and record keeping as a legal requirement. DAILY EXAMINATION Temperature Before removing the babys clothes, the Student Midwife took the babys temperature from the axilla site using an electronic thermometer whilst the baby lay in the cot. The reading was 36.8Ãâ¹Ã ¡C which was within the normal range for an axilla reading (36.5 37.3Ãâ¹Ã ¡C) as described by Bain in Fraser and Cooper (2009). Reassurance was given to the mother when she asked if the baby was warm enough that the reading was normal. The Student Midwife also offered the information of how the woman could check to see if the baby was too warm or cold by feeling under the babys clothes just below the neck and at the top of the babys back. Also a good indication was if the woman had two layers on, then generally the baby would require the same amount of layers. It was also advised that the baby would not require to wear a hat indoors if the room is at a comfortable temperature of between 18 21Ãâ¹Ã ¡C but would require it outdoors due to cool air. General Appearance The Student Midwife removed the babys clothes, leaving only the nappy on which would be removed later in the examination, to observe the general appearance of the baby. The babys skin was noted to be pink all over showing no signs of central cyanosis, although hands and feet still showed slight signs of peripheral cyanosis which is normal during the first 24 48 hours according to Farrell and Sittlington in Fraser and Cooper (2009). This was explained to the mother so no undue worry was caused due to the blue tinge of the hands and feet. Also there was no sign of jaundice which is common after 48 hours from birth as all newborns have a transient rise in serum bilirubin which usually settles after 10 12 days post natal. The woman was advised to watch for any colour change of the babys skin from pink to yellow tinge or for the white of the eye (sclera) to be tinged with yellow. It was explained that this is a normal occurrence as suggested by Johnston, Flood, Spinks (2003) and as long as the baby had a good urine output, was awake regularly and fed well then there would be no cause for concern. However if the baby develops jaundice which last longer than expected, has excessive sleeping patterns, continually passes pale stools and dark urine, then the woman should get immediate attention for the baby as this is abnormal for a formula fed baby. The babys breathing was observed whilst lying in the cot and was noted to be within the normal range of 40 60 breaths/minute with the chest and abdomen rising and falling, showing no signs of distress. Being awake, alert and active the baby was seen to be moving all limbs as expected with good tone. Head The babys head was gently examined by the Student Midwife. This was done by gently running the finger tips across the babys head to feel along the suture lines and fontanelles. The Student Midwife when doing this was determining if any moulding, caput succedaneum or cephal haematoma had occurred during passage down the birth canal or from pressure from the cervical os. Slight moulding was detected and this was explained to the woman that this was normal and was caused by the bones in the skull overlapping during delivery and will resolve itself within a couple of days. The anterior fontanelle was then gently felt and found to be level. This indicated that there was no intracranial pressure which would cause it to rise or dehydration which would cause it to be depressed. It was explained that it is common to notice pulsating at the anterior fontanelle which is no cause of concern and that this soft spot closes over by the time the baby was 18 months old as confirmed by Wylie (2005). Eyes Both eyes were checked and found to be clear of any discharge. The Student Midwife suggested to the woman that if the eyes were to become sticky, which is common due to blocked tear ducts and can be seen as a crust on the eyelid, the eyes should be cleaned. To do this the woman should use cooled boiled water and cotton wool balls. Each eye should be cleaned from the inner eye outwards only using the cotton wool ball once then discarding. Each eye should be cleaned separately to avoid cross infection. Mouth Mouth was inspected by opening the mouth by gently pressing a finger against the angle of the jaw at the chin. This enabled the Student Midwife to look inside to assess the tongue, gums and palate. The Student Midwife did not insert small finger into mouth to check for a cleft palate or suck reflex as this had been established at Initial Examination of the newborn and no abnormalities had been detected. The mouth was seen to be moist and clear of any white plaques which may have suggested oral thrush as stated by Bain in Fraser and Cooper (2009). Skin Closer inspection was then done by the Student Midwife of the babys skin, looking in particular for any rashes, spots, bruising or infection. The babys nappy was removed and buttocks examined to ensure skin was intact. All appeared normal with no excoriation identified. The Student Midwife advised the woman that information on minor disorders would be given to her at the end of the examination as the Student Midwife was conscious of the babys temperature being maintained. Umbilicus Cord The umbilicus cord and clamp were inspected for signs of infection and separation. Nothing unusual was detected. The baby was redressed as quickly as possible to maintain body temperature and given to the woman to settle. Information was given to the woman on daily cord care which included that the umbilicus should be cleaned with warm tap water and patted dry which has been shown to aid separation as stated by Trotter (2003). This should be done daily and at a nappy change if required. It was explained to the woman that hand washing is essential before and after cord care as suggested by Farrell and Sittlington in Fraser and Cooper (2009) as the cord is a potential site for infection and Straphylococcus aureus is commonly found here as confirmed by Newell, Miller, Mogan et al (1997). When the woman asked when the clamp would be removed, it was confirmed that this may be done on the third or fourth day when the cord has dried out as suggested by World Health Organisation (WHO) (1999). The Student Midwife confirmed that the Daily Examination of the baby was complete and that she would now give the woman further information on minor disorders, safe baby care practice in particular Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and address any other concerns that the woman may have. EDUCATIONAL NEEDS Through out the examination the Student Midwife gave the woman information on day-to-day care and signs of illness. As previously mentioned further discussion took place with the woman regarding Minor disorders and safety issues, which is in line with NHS QIS (2004) who suggest that ay assessment or examination at birth or later should be seen as an opportunity for parental education or health promotion. This included the following ailments and explanation given to the woman: Skin Rashes Erythema toxicum. A red blotchy rash with white pinhead papules which is common during the first 7 days post natal and will disappear on its own. Miliaria. A sweat rash which occurs in babies who become too warm. It appears as clear papules on face, scalp, chest and areas where clothes rub due to unopened sweat glands. The baby should have excess clothing removed and placed in a cooler environment. The papules will disappear on their own. Milia. White or yellow papules commonly seen on cheeks, nose and forehead. Will disappear on their own. Sore buttocks/Nappy rash. The skin beneath the nappy area becomes red and excoriated due to either infrequent nappy changing, frequent loose stools or hot weather. By exposing the cleaned skin to a warm dry atmosphere aids the excoriated skin to heal. Care in using commercial barrier creams must be noted as they can prevent the one-way design of disposable nappies, blocking the perforations in the linings resulting in the urine and stools being next to the babys skin longer. Breast Engorgement of the Baby This can occur in both female and male babies around the 3rd day post natal. The breasts appear to have a lump under the nipple which is caused by the drop in oestrogen levels in the baby after birth which stimulates the breast to produce milk. No treatment is required and will rectify itself. It is important that mothers do not squeeze the breast as this may result in infection. Pseudo-menstruation It is common to notice a clear discharge or blood-stained vaginal discharge from baby girls during the withdrawal of the mothers hormone oestrogen after the birth. The mother was reassured that this is a normal physiological process which does not require treatment, although can be alarming if not aware of it. Safe Baby Care Practices The importance of reducing the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is done by ensuring the baby sleeps in a cot in the parents room for the first 6 months. The baby should always be put on their back to sleep, with their feet to the foot of the cot. They should be lightly covered with the room at a normal temperature, not too hot. Bed sharing is not recommended especially after consuming alcohol, drugs or after smoking. The baby should be in a smoke-free atmosphere. These recommendations are formed by the Department of Health (1996). Following the birth of the baby the role of the Midwife is to observe and monitor the health of the mother and he newborn, offering information and support in breastfeeding, which is not applicable in this instance, parenting skills and signs of morbidity according to Merchant (2006). This involved effective communication with the woman through out the examination to ensure that the woman conveyed her concerns, maintained control over her decision making with regards to the baby, assisted her in making informed choices and reduced her anxiety levels and emotional distress as suggested by Raynor (2006). In order that the womans physical and emotional status was commensurate with effective communication, the Student Midwife had to assess the womans emotional state when receiving information, which was done by asking how the woman was feeling before commencing the babys Daily Examination. The womans state could have been effected by pain, tiredness, hormonal changes or if the baby was c rying/distressed due to being hungry or requiring changing. Therefore the timing of conducting the Examination was essential to ensure that the woman retained the majority of the information given to her without being distracted due to other factors. In this instance the woman was receptive to the information given, which would assist her in the daily care of her baby, as according to McCourt in Page and McCandlish (2006) the transition to parenthood is a time when adults are responsive to information and will look for it actively. As the Midwife becomes familiar with the appearance and behaviour of a normal term newborn, the recognition of signs and signals caused by morbidity are easily communicated to the mother to assist her in recognising when there are any deviations from the normal with her baby. The importance of this is in preparing the mother for discharge home as the length of time spent in hospital is decreasing according to Bain in Fraser and Cooper (2009). As well as educating the woman with clinical skills (e.g. daily care of the baby, recognising signs of illness) the Midwifes role also encapsulates being able to provide relevant information / advice on general health promotion, social support and mental health. PSYCHOSOCIAL NEEDS As the woman was a first time mother it was important to establish that the woman had adequate support in caring for herself and the baby. This was established by the Student Midwife by familiarising herself with the woman and babys SWMR and Case notes which would highlight any social issues that may have needed addressing as the social circumstances in which a woman lives and a newborn brought into play a major part in their health and well being according to Raynor (2006). In this instance the woman was in a stable relationship with no reported Domestic Abuse, was not in temporary housing, had no social work involvement, no mental health issues and had good family support as routinely asked during Booking appointment and recorded in SWMR notes. It was important for the Student Midwife to spend time with the woman and baby in quiet surroundings, free from interruption which offered privacy and allowed the communication of sensitive and confidential information to be shared between the woman and the Student Midwife following NIPE Standards and Competencies (NHS, 2008). This gave the Student Midwife the opportunity to assess the womans psychosocial well-being by asking how she was coping (defined as coming to terms with a situation according to Lazarus (1966)) so far with the baby / becoming a mother and also to ascertain the womans expectations of becoming a mother. It is known that in adjusting to motherhood, the woman can feel insecure and loses confidence in her own abilities in the early postnatal period, especially on the lead up to and after discharge as confirmed by Ward and Mitchell (2004). Factors which can influence this are the womans personality, previous learning, quality/quantity of support available and past ex periences of coping. The woman, in this instance stated that although she knew it would take some time to adjust to lack of sleep and was slightly anxious about going home, she had good support from her partner, mother and friends; she had no immediate concerns about caring for the baby. CONCLUSION In conclusion it is the Student Midwifes opinion that the Daily Examination of the Term Infant was carried out following KCND (NHS, 2009) guidelines and that the NIPE Standards and Competencies (NHS, 2008) were adhered to. The baby was examined in a safe and comfortable environment, was shown respect and care from the Student Midwife whilst performing Daily Examination and full explanation was given to the woman as to what was being checked and looked for. The Student Midwife ensured that the woman had the opportunity to ask questions or offer sensitive information through out this encounter by providing privacy and confidentiality in line with NMC (2008) and ESC (NHS, 2009). All findings and discussion were documented in mother and baby SWMR notes accordingly in line with NMC (2007) The role of the Midwife in Educational and Psychosocial needs is to give the woman, relevant health advice for the baby and themselves, reassurance and permission to say how they feel. This follows a health orientated and woman centred model of care, which recommends that the role of the Midwife is to encourage the womans self confidence, ability to take control and self esteem as suggested by Bates in Stewart (2004). In a recent study it was concluded that healthy, low risk women wanted attentive, proactive, professional support from the Midwife during the transition to motherhood according to Seefat-van Teeffelen, Nieuwenhuijze, Korstjens (2009) which the Student Midwife believes was given during this Daily Examination of a Term Infant.